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Education in Kyrgyzstan

Current education system is a multilevel system, which consists of the following three main types of education programs, the main purpose of which is the development of the student’s aptitude, abilities and talents:

  • Special educational programs for infant preschool institutions;
  • Public programs, which have a purpose of development of general culture and intellect of a person, creation of a base for successful profession acquirement and obtaining of a qualification
  • Professional programs, providing gradual growth of professional level, preparation of qualified specialists.

Compulsory minimum of each educational program is defined by correspondent state education standard.

These programs are implemented in the network of education institutions of different types, kinds and forms of property, full time, part time and non-residence forms of education.

Pre-school education: children attend infant schools at 1.5-3 years and kindergartens at 3-7 years. There are state, private, family, rental kindergartens with day-time, part-time and 24-hour a day stay of children

School education: is the most massive among all levels of education. There are three stages of school education: primary education, or the first stage of basic education (1-4 forms, 6-11 years old); basic secondary education or the second stage of basic education (5-9 forms, 11-15 years old); high school education or complete secondary education (10-11 forms, 15-17 years old). This type of education is conducted in different types of educational institutions.

The first stage of basic education provides basic skills and forms the basis for learning at the second stage. The second stage is designed to create a foundation for the student’s further education.

Additional education. In addition to formal, there are many out-of-school institutions and organizations in the Republic to meet various interests of students.

Professional programs are implemented in institutions of primary, secondary, and higher professional education

Primary professional education is conducted in professional educational institutions, in educational divisions of enterprises, entities and organizations, in educational institutions for special contingencies and in other specialized institutions. This education may be based on secondary (high) education or may be conducted by a unified integrated program of secondary and professional education. In cases of necessity, for persons without secondary education conditions for acquiring professional education could also be created.

Secondary professional education aims to satisfy demands of students in professional training for certain jobs. This education is implemented by a network ofcolleges, technicums and schools. The term of study in educational institutions of secondary professional education is 4 years on the basis of secondary education and 2 years on the basis of high school.

Higher education is represented by academies, universities, institutes, higher colleges, etc. At present two systems of higher education are functioning in Kyrgyzstan: traditional permanent 5-year education system and multilevel system, providing three levels of higher education: incomplete higher education, basic higher education (bachelor degree and specialty) and complete higher education (master degree and specialty teaching)

System of adult learning has acquired more importance recently. The main goal of a newly formed system of adult education is adaptation of adult population to a new social-economic environment.

The last stage of permanent education is the postgraduate education system (qualification upgrade courses and conversion teaching). Intended to be life-long education, this system represents a network of institutions of conversion teaching, different education centers, programs in the leading institutions of the country, and institutes of teaching of specialists of higher qualification through postgraduate teaching and doctorate.

In 2011 more than 50 institutions of higher education’s were operating, most notably Kyrgyz State University, Kyrgyz Technical University, Medical Institute, Osh State University Asian Medical Institute, Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University. In 2004 the literacy rate in Kyrgyzstan was 98.7 percent.




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